During pregnancy, a woman’s body undergoes many changes, which can make expose to the development of certain diseases, including anemia. A recent study, in which information from 29 countries was analyzed, found that suffering from severe anemia during pregnancy could increase the risk of maternal mortality by 100%.
Why is anemia occurring in pregnancy?
Anemia is a disease characterized by a decrease in the number of red blood cells, which decreases the ability to transport oxygen or iron to the rest of the body. Symptoms include dizziness, fatigue, paleness, lightheadedness, and difficulty breathing.
During pregnancy, it is common for women to suffer from anemia, to some extent, although most of them do so to a degree that is not harmful to them. This disease appears particularly at this stage because, in pregnancy, women need higher doses of iron, necessary for the production of hemoglobin in maternal and fetal red blood cells.
A study revealed the anemia in pregnancy increases the risks of maternal mortality by 100%
Published in the British journal The Lancet, the study analyzed the relationship between severe anemia and maternal mortality. To do this, the most extensive and complete information available was used, collected by the World Health Organization and which includes data gathered from more than 312,000 women from 29 countries.
Of the total study participants, 4,189 cases of severe anemia were identified, of which 341 resulted in the death of the mother. After carrying out certain analyzes and calculations through two statistical models, it was found that both suggested a relationship between severe anemia and maternal mortality.
It was also found that, in the cases of anemia in pregnancy, the risk of maternal mortality doubled in comparison with those women who did not suffer from anemia during pregnancy.
How to avoid anemia during pregnancy?
It is important to keep anemia at bay during pregnancy, and this can be achieved by following a balanced diet to cover the possible iron deficiency, which is one of the main causes of anemia.
For this, foods rich in iron should be consumed, such as fish, seafood, green leafy vegetables, meat, dairy products, and nuts. And on the other hand, foods rich in vitamin C should also be included, since they facilitate the absorption of iron
In conclusion, anemia in pregnancy is a serious health disorder that has been proved to increase the risks of maternal mortality by 100%.