At the beginning of this week, a solar flare produced charged particles which will hit the Earth today. Satellites and power grids might get affected.
The skies will shine
From high altitudes, the impact of the solar storm with the atmosphere will be visible. Aurora Borealis will be seen.
The charged particles will hit the gas molecules from the atmosphere making them shine.
NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) stated this solar storm will be a G-1 (minor) but could turn into a G-2 (moderate).
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ranks solar storms with G (minor), R (moderate), and S (severe), each coming with additional three ranks by severity, namely 1 (minor), 2 (moderate), and 3 (severe).
Will this solar storm affect the Earth?
NOAA stated that there is no big danger but the charged particles can affect satellites and power grids. Its representatives declared that “weak power grid fluctuations and minor impact on satellite operations” may happen.
“CMEs are huge bubbles of radiation and particles from the sun. They explode into space at very high speed when the sun’s magnetic field lines suddenly organize,” stated the NASA representatives.
Solar storms happen very often but most of them are not harmful as they travel through space. However, when a solar storm travels to Earth, the scientists will calculate its severity. If it is very severe, scientists can shut down some unimportant systems on satellites to diminish the damages.
However, this solar storm will only be a minor to moderate one.
NASA plans a more intensive solar observation
NASA and NOAA keep the Sun under observation with high-tech telescopes, namely Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) and Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO).
Even more, NASA has in its plans to send a small spacecraft, Parker Solar Probe, which will get 15 times closer to the Sun than Mercury itself. The probe’s mission is to observe and study the Sun’s upper atmosphere.