A new guideline comes with a valuable framework which aims to serve as a base for the ambition to save endangered coral reefs spread across all over the world.
It is estimated that almost half of the global coral population has disappeared in the last four decades. Global warming and climate change remain a major threat to these sensible ecosystems. Corals are essential for 25% of all the marine species, and up to 1 billion people spread across the world.
A team of researchers has decided to create a new framework which should serve as a guide for world leaders who seek to support coral survivors. The report was elaborated by a committee from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. A large number of innovative tools are proposed, and they should give the reef extra resilience while a targeted strategy is developed.
A new guideline seeks toward saving corals
The report underlines the fact that human intervention would extend survival rates of the reef, and it is essential if we want to ensure the fact that will be around in the following centuries. Limiting the amount of greenhouse gas emissions is also a must in the long run. Corals are assaulted by a large number of threats, including overfishing, damage from human actions, and pollution. The main focus of the report is the deployment of effective strategies, a phenomenon which takes place when corals exposed to too much heat will expel their algae and become white.
As the oceans continue to warm up mass bleaching event s take place, with the biggest casualty being the Great Barrier Reef. Several strategies are mentioned in the paper, and most of them are experimental. Among them, we can find relocation, genetic enhancement, and the creation of artificial clouds to protect the corals against the sun. Some of the techniques are viable for immediate use, but the process will require a substantial amount of time and resources. It is hoped that further bleaching will be prevented in the future,