The researchers are warning the government that by the end of 2050, the loss of summer sea ice is imminent at the North Pole. This is mainly caused by the carbon emissions which have already triggered the risks of the climate change. In addition to this, the arctic sea can remain without ice not only during the summer period but also during the coldest winters, creating a catastrophic effect on the whole ecosystem.
Last time the researchers managed to analyze the Arctic ice was back in 2013 when they predicted a loss of the total ice mass in the month of September when the annual minimum is reached. However, they stated that this effect could be eliminated if the carbon dioxide emissions are kept at a lower level.
We’ll have ice-free North Pole summers by 2050
The new study features 40 years of computer models, starting from 1979 when the satellite records were registered for the first time. During this time, the Arctic area has managed to lose 40% of its surface, as well as 70% of its volume. This has been the result of global heating, and in 2019 its territory was reduced to the lowest extent that was ever registered.
The changes in the Arctic area causes by the global warming not only increase the temperatures but are also linked to a series of catastrophic natural effects such as aggressive winters and droughty summers, as well as torrential floods Europe and the United States of America.
Unfortunately, even international cooperation is adopted, and the global warming is kept lowers than 2C, the North Pole summer ice will disappear by the end of 2050. In addition to this, the ice can no longer be part of winters as well if the carbon emissions continue to be as high as now. This would have a catastrophic impact on the wildlife in the area, and all the animals will become extinct in no time.