Mars colonization would involve a series of technological processes to make possible the humans’ survival, known as terraforming. However, terraforming process comes with some ethical implications, which, according to Luis Aguilar from the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), have already been faced by the humanity.
Two groups with different points of view will be formed after Mars colonization
According to Aguilar, when the humans will land on Mars, there would be almost the same situation to that when the Europeans had colonized other parts of the Earth.
Besides, if there is any kind of life on Mars, even microbial, it must be valued from the ethical point of view if it is alright to alter it and exploit its territory.
Then, some people would say that the Red Planet should be altered in order to be suitable for humans.
On the other hand, the others who would recognize the ethical implications of the terraforming will say that “we are intruders, although the life of that planet is microscopic, with what right we are going to modify it,” imagined Luis Aguilar.
The terraforming process is meant to completely alter the environment of Mars
The terraforming involves a series of actions that will replicate, as much as possible, the living conditions of the Earth by altering the atmosphere and surface of the planet.
To make Mars habitable for humans, we would have to “increase the density of the atmosphere, we must heat the planet and we must make it possible to have water on the surface,” explained Aguilar.
Heating the Mars’ ice poles would lead to CO2 emissions which would make the atmosphere denser and will heat the planet. One of the methods to do that would involve placing giant orbiting mirrors that would redirect the sunlight towards the Mars’ icy poles.
Also, the melted water would evaporate and precipitate on the Mars’ surface forming lakes and rivers.
Definitely, Mars colonization and the terraforming process present some ethical implications but Luis Aguilar concluded by quoting from the Russian father of cosmonautics, Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovski, who said that “the Earth is the cradle of humanity, but you can not live in the cradle forever”.