At Japan’s newest space research center the researchers developed new technologies to make true one of humanity’s greatest dreams, namely, to help men sustain life in space, on Moon, or on Mars. In laboratories equipped with ultra-advanced equipment from the Tokyo University of Science, Chiaki Mukai leads a team of thirty researchers who are experimenting with new solutions to enable men to live in future colonies on Mars or the Moon.
Space exploration is entering a new era
“It’s in human nature to explore. Earth is too small for us,” said Chiaki Mukai, the 66-year-old Japanese woman who summed up about 500 hours in space she lived in two separate missions back in the 90s.
Now, according to her, space exploration is going towards a new era with the appearance of private entrepreneurs who invest in space research and exploration, such as Elon Musk’s SpaceX or Jeff Bezos’ Blue Origin, but also because of the new political visions regarding space exploration.
“It’s quite feasible to establish a colony on the Moon by 2030,” said Mukai.
Japanese researchers developed solutions for living in space
One of the innovations developed by his team is a unique system of food production through a plasma made by passing a high-voltage current through a saline solution to reduce the formation of unwanted algae in the water used to grow crops.
The research center has also developed a technique for producing electricity through small thermoelectric sensors attached to the base buildings, which could thus benefit the habitats with a comfortable temperature.
Besides, Chiaki Mukai believes that a Moon colony will be established while she’s still alive.
According to Chiaki Mukai, many of the solutions that are being developed could also find applications on Earth. “We are not only developing technologies for the Moon but, by adapting them, we can also help solve many of the problems we also have on Earth,” she says.
For example, one of the new technologies to help men sustain life in space, the above-the-ground crops used to grow plants, could be very useful in sub-Saharan African countries affected by global warming.