As of recently, astronomers from NASA have caught sight of a stunning image: a small disk composed of cosmic matter that swirls around a supermassive black hole. The Hubble Space Telescope and computation captured the photos showed that the disk is found in the middle of NGC 3147 galaxy, somewhere 130 million light-years from our planet.
What baffled the astronomers is that the disk should not have been there, or so says recent theories, as the black hole swallows everything beyond the border of the ‘event horizon’ of a black hole. Not even light escape its power.
Researchers believe that this is a perfect example of Einstein’s relativity theories. The theory of special relativity observes the connection between time and space. There is another theory, also coined by Einstein, the general relativity that explains gravity as being the curvature of space. Astronomers are amazed to see the two theories distinctly displayed in our universe.
Impossible Black Hole Discovered By Astronomers At 130 Million Light Years Away
There are precise black holes that do not receive enough quantity of matter to feed them. Usually, these types of black holes are surrounded by cosmic materials that resemble a donut. There are other types of black holes, most of them supermassive, that receive a higher quantity of cosmic matter as a ‘meal’ and they are surrounded by cosmic materials that resemble a thin pancake. Therefore, it is still a mystery for astronomers the fact that this underfed black hole is surrounded by a small disk rather than a bulgy one.
The researchers concluded that the thin disk might be a small quasar, a very luminous nucleus that encompasses a supermassive black hole. Usually, they are massive and powerful but taking into account that the newly discovered black hole is quite small, so is its quasar. Until now, these types of quasars were believed not to exist.
Being so thin, the light reflected changed in structure and allowed scientists to observe better the processes that happen next to a black hole. The swirl of matter around the black hole moves at more than 10% of the speed of light. Because it moves so fast and because it is so close to the black hole, the disk seems to have more of a red hue. However, without Hubble and its Imaging Spectrograph, astronomers wouldn’t have been able to detect the peculiar black hole.