Submarine volcanoes can be dangerous in certain situations. They can generate tsunamis that can cause significant damage to coastal areas. Additionally, the eruption of a submarine volcano can also create ash clouds that can damage ships and airplanes, reduce visibility in the air, and release toxic clouds of hydrogen sulfide and other gases that can be harmful to marine life and humans. They can also cause damage to marine life and habitats and underwater infrastructure such as oil and gas pipelines, as well as to ships, boats, and other marine vessels.
It’s worth noting that not all submarine volcanoes are equally dangerous, and the impact of an eruption will depend on the location and size of the volcano, as well as the type of eruption. Scientists study submarine volcanoes to understand the processes that lead to eruptions and to better predict and prepare for future eruptions.
Activity beneath Kolumbo can result in a future eruption
Kolumbo is an active submarine volcano located in the Aegean Sea of Greece, and now researchers have discovered a giant magma chamber beneath it that’s increasing in size. They’re worried that the activity indicates that an eruption could occur in the area about 150 years from now, as Newsweek reveals.
Kajetan Chrapkiewicz, a lead author of the new research and also a geophysicist at Imperial College London, explained, as Newsweek quotes:
We need better data on what’s actually beneath these volcanoes,
Continuous monitoring systems would allow us to have a better estimation of when an eruption might occur. With these systems, we would likely know about an eruption a few days before it happens, and people would be able to evacuate and stay safe.
Scientists calculated that the magma chamber is increasing at an average rate of about 4 million cubic meters per year since the last eruption of the Kolumbo submarine volcano, which occurred in 1650 CE.
The new study was published in the Geochemistry, Geophysics, and Geosystems of the American Geophysical Union.