NASA’s Discover supercomputers are known for their 7 quadrillion calculations/second, day and night. They are also responsible for the operation of some advanced climate simulations to forecast Earth’s future climate. Recently, the machines identified something quite intriguing. More than 4,000 odd exoplanets, that are worlds beyond our solar system, were identified in the last two decades, and some of them could sustain life.
Researchers are sure about such a thing, but it is more challenging due to unexpected conditions compared to our planet. The next-generation of space observatories and advanced telescopes would offer more details and clues. Such devices will let researchers examine the atmosphere of the most exciting planets for the first time. The cosmic features could posses the most significant element of life, the liquid water, running on their grounds.
Moreover, identifying those elements of the atmospheres around those odd planets is like trying to notice a little bug in a tree. This reality turns climate simulations vital to examination, according to Karl Stapelfeldt, an exoplanetary scientist.
Research on Alien Life on Exoplanets Supported by Earth Climate Simulations
Karl Stapelfeldt stated: “The models make specific, testable predictions of what we should see. These are very important for designing our future telescopes and observing strategies.”
In observing close the outer space with massive surface-based and space telescopes, scientists have identified a complex variety of worlds that appear painted from the imagination. Most of the cosmic features discovered by NASA’s Kepler space telescope, for example, are not part of our solar system.
They reach the dimensions of a terrestrial Earth and a gaseous Uranus, which means that it is almost four times larger than this planet. Earth climate simulations are displaying that rocky exoplanets close to some red dwarf could be livable even if the radiation level is high.
Anthony Del Genio, a former planetary climate researcher, realized a series of climate simulations of Earth and other planets, as well, including Proxima b. His team had also simulated likely climates on Proxima b to examine how many would leave it wet and hot sufficient to host life. Such a category of simulating project supports NASA researchers discover a bunch of hopeful planets worthy of more accurate investigation with NASA’s next-gen James Webb Space Telescope.