Climate change and all its consequences have the scientific community on high alert. Due to the excessive increase of carbon emissions originated from humans’ activities, it is estimated that up to 50% of the species of plants and animals of the world could face extinction before the end of this century, according to the WWF (World Wildlife Fund).
A global average temperature increase to 40 degrees Fahrenheit would mean the disappearance of forests
The study has been recently published the journal Climate Change by an international research team made of scientists from the University of East Anglia (the UK), James Cook University (Australia), and WWF.
The research indicates that all the areas that represent a niche of biodiversity on our planet could lose up to 50% of the inhabiting species if the Earth’s average temperature increases to 40 degrees Fahrenheit (4.5 degrees Celsius) – right now, according to NASA, the Earth’s average temperature is around 33.6 degrees Fahrenheit (roughly 1 degree Celsius).
Under these dreadful conditions, it was established that forests in countries with a hot climate would disappear. Thus, South America, Australia, and some cities in Asia would lose all their forest resources in the following years.
As if these were not enough, the Amazon and the Galapagos Islands could face a total extinction.
Fortunately, there are solutions and it only remains to implement them
These risks could be reduced by half if the Earth’s average temperature does not exceed 35.6 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius), as it has been already established at the Paris agreement of 2015.
Specialists consider that the only way to avoid an extinction of these catastrophic level is by limiting the emission of harmful substances into the atmosphere and avoiding the developing of uncontrolled industries.
If countries would combine their efforts to achieve sufficient measures and objectives in this regard, the prospects would improve, although many of the species could not avoid extinction.
Until then, the gloomy study predicts that climate change can cause the extinction of 50% of all the animal and plants species by the end of the century.