Chandrayaan-2 is a lunar spacecraft that consists of an orbiter, lander “Vikram,” and rover “Pragyan”. Once launched, it will transport a NASA’s “passive experimental instrument” to the Moon’s surface, as well as 13 other Indian payloads.
The US will use the “passive experimental instrument” in order to calculate the exact length between the Moon and our planet, and the Indian payloads have the purpose of carrying different scientific research and missions, as well as taking pictures of the Moon and sending them back to Earth. Officials of the Indian Space Research Organization came out and stated that the spacecraft will be launched in July.
NASA confirmed during Lunar and Planetary Science Conference that Chandrayaan-2 will carry NASA’s laser retroreflector arrays along with Israeli lander Beresheet. The latter has violently landed on the lunar surface earlier this year, in April.
Chandrayaan-2 is estimated to land on the Moon in September
Chandrayaan-2, the spacecraft as heavy as roughly 3.8 tons, is planned to be lofted in space anywhere between 9 and 16 July this year and it is estimated to touch the lunar ground on 6 September, should everything go as planned.
As the spacecraft reaches the Moon’s orbit, its parts will separate, starting with the Vikram that will diverge from the rocket and soft-launch on a specific area of the Moon, near the South Pole, a surface which is yet to be explored.
Rover Prayan will separate once Vikram touches the lunar ground and it will travel for roughly 300-400 meters. Over the course of the earthly equivalent of 2 weeks, it will handle a number of scientific missions, that will include analyzing the lunar items found on the ground and reporting its findings through data and images back to our planet, procedure which will take than 15 minutes, as Indian Space Research Organisation’s chief K. Sivan stated. Previously to this mission, Chandrayaan-1 mission that transported only five foreign payloads was loft back in 2008.