Alien life may actually be present within our Solar System, according to the researchers who studied one of the Saturn’s moons, Enceladus.
Enceladus may provide the best living environment for microorganism similar to archaeans that live on Earth is some of the most extreme conditions.
The scientists replicated the conditions on Enceladus in laboratory
Methanothermococcus okinawensis, a methane-producing archaean microorganism was the subject of the study. This archaean lives on Earth next to the deep-sea hydrothermal drains where it transforms the hydrogen and the carbon dioxide into methane gas.
The single-celled Methanothermococcus okinawensis microorganism was placed in an environment that is a 1-to-1 copy to the one on Enceladus, the Saturn’s natural satellite.
“We conclude that some of the CH4 (methane) detected in the plume of Enceladus might, in principle, be produced by methanogens,” suppose the study’s authors.
This doesn’t represent reliable proof of alien life but just theories
However, the information the scientists obtained are founded on lab research but might prove their theories, according to Simon Rittmann, a professor at the University of Vienna and one of the study’s authors.
However, the study doesn’t offer any crystal-clear evidence for alien life on Enceladus.
“Our study only concerns microorganisms. I would like to avoid any speculation about intelligent life,” admitted Simon Rittman.
Saturn is the second largest planet in our Solar System, after Jupiter, and has dozens of moons, some really small, while some of the same sizes as Earth.
Some studies that have been conducted a few years ago suggested that on Enceladus, there could be liquid water under its surface.
Enceladus contains methane, ammonia, and carbon dioxide. Even more, Enceladus presents hydrothermal activity at its the South Pole which makes astronomers and scientists believe alien life may actually be present within our Solar System, on Enceladus. However, scientists talk about microorganism alien life forms.