As new research emerges, we find out that Death Valley is no longer the hottest place on Earth. Not just one but two places actually dethroned it.
A new temperature record has surpassed the record of 56.7 degrees Celsius (134.1 degrees Fahrenheit), and as per researchers’ findings, setting foot in these places is the worst.
Here is what you need to know.
Fire Temperatures, Hottest Places Ever
According to high-resolution satellite data from the last 20 years, Iran’s Lut Desert (Dasht-e Lut) and North America’s Sonoran Desert are now the hottest places on Earth, with temperature heating up to 80.8 degrees Celsius (177.4 degrees Fahrenheit).
The Lut Desert occupies now the first place for the world’s highest land surface temperature. Data from 2002-2019 showed how the sand reached regularly blistering extremes. The reason?
The desert is right between a range of mountains. Such a thing traps the hot air above the dunes.
Previous data indicate that in 2005, the region reached 70.7 degrees Celsius (159.3 degrees Fahrenheit).
As for the Sonoran Desert, things are almost the same. The desert, which traces Mexico and the US border, can reach similar hot extremes as the Lut Desert, but not so regularly.
The difference here is that the Sonoran Desert sits in a rain shadow. So, the air can rise and cool significantly.
Climate Change May Be to Blame
Researchers say that it’s still unclear if climate change has influenced these extreme temperatures, but recent satellite data show otherwise.
“While the behaviour of the atmosphere in response to more anthropogenic emissions is well studied, the response of the land surface under different emission pathways is not well understood,” explained researchers.
The Coldest Place
The new analysis had also found the coldest place on Earth: Antarctica. The region recorded a low of -110.9 degrees Celsius (-199.6 degrees Fahrenheit).
The snow and ice influenced a lot the new record due to their ability to reflect the sunlight back into the atmosphere.
More research on remote landmasses outside the reach of weather stations is necessary to find out how ground temperatures are switching.