As Earth faces the worst-case scenario triggered by climate change and global warming, pollution makes everything even worse.
According to a global inventory, the CO2 emissions from oil refineries were 1.3Gt in 2018, with the risk to reach higher levels from 2020 to 2030. Now, researchers try to raise awareness, recommending various mitigation strategies for refineries in many regions.
Here is what you need to know.
Oil Refineries: a Major Threat to Earth
The recent research offers a detailed picture of CO2 emissions worldwide and oil refining capacity.
Climate change is now one of the major challenges we’re facing. A permanent increase of fossil-fuel-based energy infrastructure might become one of the most fundamental obstacles in reaching the Paris Agreement goals.
“Understanding the past and future development trends of the oil refining industry is crucial for guiding regional and global emissions reduction,” explained Dabo Guan of Tsinghua University.
The oil refining industry: where to?
This industry has a significant role in climate change and the energy supply chain. Also, the petroleum oil refining industry is now the third-biggest stationary emitter of greenhouse gas emissions worldwide. And that’s not all.
As per previous research, the industry blasts up to 6 % of all greenhouse gases on Earth. And as if it wasn’t enough, the CO2 emissions estimate for around 98 % of greenhouse gases released by petroleum refineries. Such a thing predicts a bleak future for Earth.
Other Significant Findings and Data: What Researchers Recommend
The new research also reveals that the average output of worldwide oil refineries regularly rose from 2000 to 2018 in terms of barrels a day. Researchers noted that the results varied by refinery age category.
For instance, the average amount of new refineries distributed in the Middle East and Asia-Pacific shockingly grew from 2000 to 2018.
On the other hand, the refineries older than 19 years stayed stable.
What should we do?
According to researchers, this is what we can do:
- For new refineries: adopt low-carbon technologies to lower the CO2 emissions;
- For old refineries: remove the backward capacity, improve operational efficiency, and speed up the upgrading of refining configuration.
It would also help a lot if we support the scientific field and raise awareness about Earth’s current struggles!