Over the years, we’ve seen that human beings can adapt their lifestyle to every environment, no matter how harsh the conditions are. If we can survive by compiling the most basic shelters and eating the poorest meals, we certainly cannot live without clean water.
Throughout the Earth, there are plenty of places where the water is scarce (desserts, for example), but even here people can have fresh water. Of course, it’s not easy to get the life-giving liquid in extremely dry areas, but all that engineering and expensive technique has to achieve its goal.
In fact, desserts can show us some amazing demonstrations on how to collect water from unconventional sources. The solution was presented by a team of researchers from the Ohio State University. According to their studies, the ”method” applies to other environments as well, but desserts illustrate the process better.
Fresh water can be obtained from night time fog or condensed vapours
Bharat Bhushan, Eminent Scholar and Professor Howard D. Winbigler are two scientists involved in the aforementioned study. They noticed that, in nature, there are a lot of creatures which use the water from the surrounding environment: for example, desert grasses, beetles, cactuses and others.
How do they do it? The beings collect the condensed water from night time fog and purify it through their natural filters. Once the water is clean, they can start consuming it as time passes.
This process is possible thanks to the organisms’ special adaptation to environmental factors.
This situation helped Bhushan figure out a solution for this burning societal problem – the lack of clean water in some parts of the Earth. Now, he and his team are working on building a system (at a larger scale) that will allow human beings to extract water from condensation or the fog appeared during night time.
So far, they discovered that more water is gathered by conical shapes compared to cylindrical objects. Researchers published their findings on December 24th in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society journal. Scientists will continue their research in this area.