Millions of people around the world suffer from diabetes. It is estimated that there also millions of people that have reached a pre-diabetes stage but they are not aware of it. Read below to learn more about diabetes and the signs which appear before the disease strikes
What is diabetes?
There are three types of diabetes that can appear: type 1, type two and gestational diabetes. Most people that are afflicted by the disease have type 2, which means that their body is bad at managing and using the insulin reserves and therefore the level of sugar that can be found in their blood becomes unstable.
Only 5% of the patients develop type 1. In this case, the pancreas is unable to secrete insulin at all, and they need to inject insulin in order to prevent possibly lethal consequences. While gestational diabetes only appears during the pregnancy period it can boost the development of type 2 diabetes.
Here are 11 sings that may hint towards developing diabetes:
- A permanent need to pee
This symptom appears because your body is actively trying to remove the excess sugar from your organism. If a person starts to pee very often and there is no visible reason they should go to the doctor.
- Severe thirst
Since the extra amount of pee dehydrates the body you will also need to drink large amounts of water in order to replace the lost liquid.
- Foul breath
It is mainly by dehydration as bacteria accumulate in your mouth. In some cases rampaging diabetes may also trigger ketosis, a phenomenon that leads your body to convert fat into energy. The process generates a byproduct called ketones which can make your breath strangely sweet or fruity.
- Blurry vision
The increased amount of sugar will result in a deposit of liquid in the lens of your eye. This symptom is often overlooked but diabetes under control will often fix the issue.
Is a condition that leads to unpleasant sections in your arms and legs, similar to being pinched or pricked. It is encountered in over 50% of the patients that have type 2 diabetes.
- Superficial wounds heal very slowly
Another sign may be the fact that superficial cuts take a long time in order to heal and are more likely to get infected.
- Abnormal loss of weight
The main purpose of insulin is to help the body as it transfers sugar towards different cells. The lack of insulin hampers the process and the cells don’t get enough sugar in order to function properly. In order to generate additional energy fat and muscle tissues are cannibalized and patients may lose up to 9 kilograms.
- Feeling exhausted even after sleeping enough
While other causes like stress, diet and overall sleeping patterns can influence this symptom you should visit your doctor if none seems like a suitable culprit.
- Women are more vulnerable to yeast infection
The high amount of sugar that is present in the bloodstream contributes towards a vulnerable environment in the vagina, allowing yeast to multiply at an accelerated rate. If yeast infections appear several times every month or treating them seems to be particularly difficult a doctor should be consulted. Once treatment starts the issue is likely to go away.
- Random dark spots appear on your skin
In the early stages of pre-diabetes the skin around your neck, armpits or groin area may become unusually darker signaling insulin resistance, an early sign that something is not going well. The symptom appears often in women that also suffer from the polycystic ovary syndrome.
- Unusual itching sensations
People that suffer from diabetes are also prone to itching due to yeast infections or poor blood circulation.
If you or anyone you know is experiencing several of the symptoms a visit to the doctor is mandatory as it may prevent serious complications in the future.