With the arrival of spring in the region of Atlantic Canada, the tourists and locals alike enjoy the nature, visiting the forests and places with an abundance of vegetation. However, there is one very small thing that we all have to keep in mind while being outside, and that is tick. It is even more important since not only humans but also their pets can get infected with a tick-borne disease called Lyme disease.
How can we get infected with the Lyme disease?
Ixodes scapularis is a tick species who can be easily recognized through its black legs. This small creature is a host of bacterium responsible for the Lyme disease, which can be transmitted to humans and pets when the tick attaches itself to the victim and bites in order to feed on the blood. Since ticks prefer to attack mammals, such as dogs, cats, horses and even humans, the risk of contacting the Lyme disease increases drastically in the spring and summer, when so many of us decide to enjoy the beautiful nature, sometimes taking pets as companions. Forests and tall grasses are the likeliest places where we can encounter Ixodes scapularis.
How to avoid getting infected with the Lyme disease?
Every year, as soon as it starts getting warmer, the Lyme disease is something we can read about quite frequently. However, very often people forget to take some simple precautions, which do not require much time or effort.
When it comes to humans, most importantly we need to minimize the exposure of our skin, which can make it much more difficult for ticks to find a place to feed on. We can wear pants and long sleeves, as well as closed shoes. It is also recommended to tuck pants into the socks and tuck in the shirt. We can also use a bug spray with DEET.
In case we want to take pets with us while walking in the forests, dense brush or tall grasses, we need to remember to check them for ticks afterwards, and remove them carefully if any are found. We can also discuss the best preventive methods and medicine with a veterinarian.