Recent research involves a team of UK scientists, the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI), and the reason why the universe is expanding. DESI knew for its ability to surveillance at some of the deepest points with the help of 5,000 individual fiber-optic eyes, will start scanning the night skies for more information about the dark energy. The device was placed on top of the Mayall Telescope in Arizona and will develop 3D maps of the universe. Its full work, however, will begin next year, even if it has already captured images of some 11 billion light-years away galaxies. The research set its goal of getting closer insights and information on how dark energy has defeated the force of gravity in a young universe to hurry up its rate of development.
Ofer Lahav, professor at the University College London, explained how useful and necessary DESI’s skills are to record the spectra of 5,000 various galaxies at the same time. He also added, “…DESI will expose the secrets of the universe’s infancy and early development. This new information will help us better understand the physical processes driving the accelerating expansion of the universe…”
Many researchers from over ten countries got involved in DESI’s project, and the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council had even provided funding. Such involvement will help more than 25,000 academic staff and students to enroll in the experiment. Peter Doel, the professor in charge of assembling DESI, explained how useful were the first captured images. He stated, “It’s been incredibly satisfying seeing the first images from DESI using the specialist equipment made in the UCL Optical Science Laboratory, and we are looking forward to the survey officially starting early next year.”
The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory conducts the DESI research, with support from the US Department of Energy.