A typhus virus epidemic, transmitted by fleas, is spreading rapidly in the metropolitan area and downtown Los Angeles, where 57 cases were reported, as local authorities said. According to Los Angeles authorities, cited by CNN, different measures are being evaluated to counter the phenomenon. Nine of the cases confirmed in recent days were of homeless people.
“Typhoid fever is a disease that can cause serious complications and require prolonged hospitalization and, rarely, death,” said Dr. Ying-Ying Goh, a Pasadena health official. He also warned that “all residents should take measures to prevent fleas in and around the house.”
To date, 30 cases of typhus virus fever have been confirmed in the 67 suspected cases detected in Tunisia, but among those affected by the disease, 12 have already been treated and are out of danger. The Tunisian Minister of Health, Imed Hammemi, reported this, stressing that the registered cases are isolated and that there is no epidemic in the country.
However, the official noted that the health authorities carried out reinforced disinfection operations in the regions of Sousse, Kairouan, Jendouba, Beja, and Bizerta, areas generally crossed by migratory birds, which are among the primary vectors of the disease.
Typhus epidemic hit Los Angeles – The virus came from Tunisia
Tunisia’s Council of Ministers, which met last Wednesday, also established a monitoring committee to track the spread of typhus virus in the country.
“There is no epidemic in Tunisia and prevention, and surveillance programmes continue to limit and identify any epidemics that may spread in the country,” said Bouktef. The typhus fever virus, for which there is no vaccine for humans, is transmitted to people primarily by the bite of infected mosquitoes after biting sick birds.
The virus is now found mainly in Africa, Europe, the Middle East, North America, and Western Asia. Although it can cause a deadly disease of the nervous system, almost 80% of infected people have no symptoms, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
According to data from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), the disease caused 115 deaths so far this year and affected 1,505 people.