Women suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a disease that causes an imbalance of female sex hormones, are more exposed to develop mental disorders, according to a study published recently in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
The study, conducted by the scientists from the University of Cardiff, in Wales, the United Kingdom, also concluded that the children of women suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome are, at their turn, more exposed to the develop ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) and even a disorder within the autism spectrum disorder.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a common disease in women, as it affects approximately 10% of women between 25 and 40 years of age. Besides, the polycystic ovary disease is the most frequent cause of sterility in young women.
PCOS is linked to increased level of male hormones such as testosterone, which may produce irregular menstrual cycles, facial and body hair, weight gain, and excessive acne.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome linked to mental disorders in women due to hormonal imbalances
The researchers evaluated the mental health history of almost 17,000 women diagnosed with PCOS and when compared the results with those of healthy women, they discovered that the women suffering from PCOS were more exposed to mental disorders, such as anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, and others, as well.
“This is one of the largest studies that has examined the adverse outcomes of mental health and neurodevelopment associated with PCOS, and we hope that the results will generate greater awareness, earlier detection, and new treatments,” explained Aled Rees, a researcher at the University of Cardiff.
Scientists also discovered that children of the women who suffer from POCS presented a greater risk of developing autism-related disorders or ADHD.
“More research is needed to confirm the neurodevelopmental effects of PCOS and to address whether all or some types of patients are exposed to mental health risks,” Rees added.
The study’s results indicate, however, that those women suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome present hormonal imbalances linked to mental disorders, thus, they should adopt a healthier lifestyle and should frequently go for checkups for mental illnesses.