Sweden scientists conducted a recent study that was published in the ‘Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association’ that appears to link the apparition of cardiomyopathy to adult patients to their teenage weight. The development of rare heart muscle disease seems to be connected to teenage years mild obesity in late teenage, as claimed by scientists.
The numbers of heart failure caused by cardiomyopathy doubled in the past years
Co-author Annika Rosengren stated that the interest in this specific issue is explained by the fact that, between 1987 and 2006, the number of cases of cardiac arrest caused by this unusual conditions increased by roughly 200% in Sweden.
The study investigated information regarding height, weight, and overall fitness of roughly 1,700,000 males recruited in mandatory military services at the age of 18-19, from 1969 to 2005. Subsequently, the study examined two additional national data basis that kept track of all the deceased and hospitalized in Sweden to find out whether the males had severe cardiac conditions as they grew old.
Results of the study show that out of all the men analyzed, 4477 suffered from cardiomyopathy, on average, from the age of 45.5 years. The individuals that had a BMI (body mass index) below 20 showed a diminished risk, while those that weighted more had a higher chance of developing cardiomyopathy.
What is the cause of cardiomyopathy?
There’s no official explanation of the cause of this condition. Dilated cardiomyopathy causes the myocardium to weaken and to lose its ability to efficiently pump blood, while hypertrophic cardiomyopathy causes it to become too rigid to be able to fill with blood well enough. This disease is severe since it alters the excellent functioning of the heart and, thus, might lead to cardiac arrest.
Results of the study show that men that had a BMI over 35 while they were young were had an eight times higher risk to develop dilated cardiomyopathy as adults when compared to their thinner fellows. However, further studies need to be conducted in this concern for an accurate conclusion to be drawn.