According to a new US study, obesity surgery could considerably reduce heart attacks and strokes risks in patients with diabetes. The new research is reinforcing the evidence that such intervention’s benefits go beyond weight loss.
The study surveyed approximately 20,000 obese patients who also suffered from type 2 diabetes. Those who underwent weight loss surgery had a 40 percent reduced risk of having a heart attack or stroke, within the five years after the surgery in comparison to those individuals who followed the usual treatment for diabetes, such as drugs therapy and insulin.
Diabetes, especially type 3 diabetes, is a severe issue across US and Canada. For example, about 30 million Americans have diabetes, according to CTV News, and the majority of them suffers from type 2 diabetes which makes the human body stop producing the required amount of insulin to turn food into energy.
“Other research has shown obesity surgery can reverse and even prevent diabetes. Taken together, it means doctors should discuss weight loss surgery more often,” explained the study’s co-author Dr. David Arterburn from the Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute, in Seattle, cited by CTV News.
Obesity Surgery Might Reduce Heart Attack Risks In Diabetics
The research did not show an apparent cause and effect since the participants in the clinical trial weren’t randomly assigned for obesity surgery. The investigators matched the participants depending on gender, age, blood sugar levels, as well as other factors.
Each individual in the clinical trial presented a BMI (body mass index) of above 35, an index that corresponds, for instance, for a regular man of 5-ft and 8-inch tall and 230 pounds.
The majority of the 5,300 participants who underwent obesity surgery had a gastric bypass which is the usual type of stomach-shrinking intervention. However, others also had a gastric sleeve or gastric band surgeries. The rest of them underwent regular diabetes therapy with medication and insulin.
According to the researchers, obesity surgery is positively impacting the hormones, gut bacteria, and other substances that might halt the normal insulin production in the human body.