A recent UK research study indicates that high red meat consumption may increase the risk of colon cancer, especially in women. An international team of doctors gathered from the University of Leeds, in the UK, and the University of the Basque Country, in Spain, has conducted a research trying to observe if there is any link between colon cancer and diet.
The scientists gathered all the data researchers of one of the largest UK study, the United Kingdom’s Women’s Cohort Study, conducted on 32,147 women aged between 35 to 69.
After examining the diet of these women, researchers identified four types of eating habits
- Vegetarianism – those who eat meat less than once a week;
- Pesco-vegetarians (pescatarianism) – those who eat only fish meat for at least once a week;
- Poultry eaters – those who only eat poultry for a few times a week and also fish but rarer;
- Red meat eaters – those who eat red meat for a few times per week, no matter if they also consume poultry or fish;
By calculating how each diet in part influences the risk of colon cancer, the scientists discovered that those women who frequently eat red meat (beef, for example) are more exposed to develop colon cancer more than the women who do not eat this type of meat.
Older studies had also linked red meat consumption to increased the risk of colon cancer
For example, a study conducted by the International Agency for Research on Cancer in 2015, based on the data gathered by other 800 studies conducted in different countries of the world, concluded red meat consumption is increasing the inflammation at the guts level, which, in time, may lead to colon cancer. Besides, the study has also proved a connection between increased risk of prostate and pancreas cancer forms and frequent red meat consumption.
“Our research is among the few to look at this relationship, and if further research is needed, these results are valuable for those whose families have been affected by colorectal cancer cases and for those working on prevention. of these cancers,” explained the leading author of the recent study, Dr. Diego Rada Fernandez de Jauregui.
The scientists concluded that red meat consumption causes an increased risk of colon cancer.