Diabetes is one of the most common lifestyle diseases, affecting millions of people around the world. While there is no cure for this disease, it can be managed effectively with medication and lifestyle changes.
One of the first steps towards managing diabetes is to understand how food affects blood sugar levels in your body. For instance, carbohydrates can lead to an increase in blood glucose levels.
This is because your body breaks down carbohydrates into glucose molecules. As a result, you should monitor your carbohydrate intake if you have diabetes.
What’s more, it also helps to learn about foods that help manage blood glucose levels in your body. Here are a few options:
- Oatmeal: Oats are a whole grain food that contain complex carbohydrates. Fibre-rich foods like oats can help manage blood sugar levels. This is because they are digested at a slower pace than refined grains or simple sugars, which leads to lower insulin spikes.
- You can add oats to your diet by having a bowl of oatmeal for breakfast every day. You can also include them in your snacks, smoothies or baked goods.
- Legumes: Rich in protein, fiber and phytochemicals, legumes include lentils, dried beans and peas. These types of food are incredibly nutritious and very high in protein, which helps build muscle and burn fat — making them great for people with diabetes.
- Berries: Berries are one of the most nutritious fruits you can eat. They’re high in fiber and antioxidants like vitamin C, but low in sugar compared to other fruits. Eating berries regularly can improve blood pressure and reduce inflammation — both of which are common problems for diabetics.
- Almonds: Almonds are healthy nuts that can be eaten whole or processed into almond milk. They’re a rich source of magnesium, which has been shown to reduce insulin resistance — a major cause of diabetes in people who are overweight.
- Cinnamon: Cinnamon is commonly used as a spice to make your food taste delicious. But cinnamon also has health benefits for diabetes sufferers by reducing fasting blood sugar levels and increasing insulin sensitivity. Cinnamon is also very high in antioxidants.