A team of researchers from the RMIT lab analyzed the chemical structure of goat milk. The researchers discovered oligosaccharides, which were found to be beneficial for the gut of the infant as it can protect them from harmful bacteria that can be found in the intestines.
The study mentions that human milk is also rich in oligosaccharides, and this is one of the prime reasons which make it essential for the health of infants. The oligosaccharides contribute to the formation of a robust bacteria biome, which has been tied to the formation of a strong immune system which can battle potential infections.
Most infants will receive formula based on cow milk, but the paper argues that goat milk would be a superior choice since it is more similar to maternal milk. The researchers examined two goat milk formulas which are readily available on the market and discovered that they featured 14 natural probiotic oligosaccharides.
Goat Milk-Based Formula Promotes Gut Health For Infants
Human breast milk features only five of them. One of the researchers involved in the study has stated that this is the first paper which explores the nature and utility of oligosaccharides found in goat milk. The probiotics may encourage the growth of healthy bacteria in the gut. It is important to keep in mind that these results are quite fascinating, but further research is required before a definite answer can be provided.
Infant formulas are used when breastfeeding is not feasible due to some reasons. Among the harmful bacteria which were inhibited by probiotics found in goat milk, we can count E. coli, which often leads to cases of acute diarrhea in children.
Milk samples were observed with the help of advanced liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry as the researchers were looking after oligosaccharides. Separate tests proved that they could hinder the adhesion process in the case of Escherichia coli NCTC 10418 and Salmonella typhimurium. Further research is already underway as a clinical trial will take place in the future.