Prostate cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death in men. In fact, one out of every seven men will get prostate cancer in his lifetime. Although early detection and treatment have improved dramatically, there is no known way to prevent prostate cancer from occurring.
Prostate health is important for overall health and well-being throughout a man’s life. The following foods are essential for strong prostate health:
- Omega-3 Fatty Acids
A healthy prostate needs the right amount of omega-3 fatty acids. According to the National Cancer Institute, these fatty acids may help inhibit the growth of prostate cancer cells. Omega-3s can be found in foods including flaxseed oil, walnuts, salmon, tuna and halibut.
Selenium is a trace mineral that serves as an antioxidant and can help reduce inflammation associated with prostate disorders, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. Selenium can be found in nuts like Brazil nuts, tuna and turkey.
- Cruciferous Vegetables
Examples of cruciferous vegetables include broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and Brussels sprouts. These vegetables contain indole-3-carbinol (I3C), which works to prevent hormone imbalances.
A higher intake of zinc (found in oysters) has been associated with a reduced risk of developing benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer. Zinc also plays an important role in maintaining sperm production and reducing inflammation.
Lycopene is a powerful antioxidant found in tomatoes that have been reported to protect against prostate cancer by reducing inflammation and lowering risk factors such as testosterone which increase the risk of developing prostate cancer. Research has also shown that lycopene increases sex hormone binding globulin levels which helps reduce the risk of developing advanced forms of prostate cancer.