When it comes to lowering the likelihood of passing away, a moderate amount of physical activity that lasts for between 300 and 600 minutes may be the sweet spot, according to the findings of a comprehensive study that involved the medical histories of more than 116,000 individuals over the course of 30 years.
And if you step up the intensity of those exercises, you may cut back to between 150 and 300 minutes of exercise each week and yet be content in the knowledge that your body will most likely experience the same benefits. It is certain that we will all pass away; the only thing that matters is when. However, the findings of the recent study suggest that the wide window of time ranging from 150 to 600 minutes provides the most advantages in terms of prolonging lifespans and lowering the probability of dying from factors other than old age.
The study focused specifically on issues that are related with the cardiovascular system. The findings imply that although excessive exercise does not pose a threat to the health of the heart, it also does not significantly lower the chance of passing away at an earlier age.
At this time, the United States Department of Health and Human Services recommends either 75-150 minutes of vigorous physical activity a week (which includes activities such as swimming, running, and cycling) or 150-300 minutes of moderate physical activity a week (which includes activities such as walking or calisthenics, for example).
A total of 116221 adults from 2 large prospective US cohorts (Nurses’ Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-up Study, 1988–2018) were analyzed. Detailed self-reported leisure-time physical activity was assessed with a validated questionnaire, repeated up to 15 times during the follow-up. Cox regression was used to estimate the hazard ratio and 95% CI of the association between long-term leisure-time physical activity intensity and all-cause and cause-specific mortality.
Those individuals who took part in the trial and adhered to those recommendations had a 20-21 percent (for moderate exercise) or a 19 percent (for vigorous activity) decreased chance of passing away from any cause. However, the risk decreased even more for those individuals who increased their weekly moderate exercise to 600 minutes, resulting in a total loss of 26-31 percent.
The researchers observed that both moderate and intense activity, provided that it was done in accordance with the guidelines, reduced the risk of cardiovascular disease. The reduction ranged from 22-25 percent for moderate exercise and 31 percent for intense exercise. Other results from the research included these findings. In some circumstances, going above the rules helped minimize the danger even more.
The nearly maximum association with lower mortality was achieved by performing ≈150 to 300 min/wk of long-term leisure-time VPA, 300 to 600 min/wk of long-term leisure-time MPA, or an equivalent combination of both.
According to the findings of a number of studies, there is a possibility of going too far, with greater risks of arterial stiffening in old age among individuals who engage in at least three times the amount of exercise that is suggested.
Despite the fact that this study did not find any health concerns associated with excessive exercise, the researchers did not find any extra advantages either. According to the findings of this specific research study, engaging in a high volume of physical activity did not seem to be harmful, but it also did not appear to be of much benefit either.
Even with such a huge sample size, further research is required in order to have a clearer image of the bigger picture since 93 percent of the people who participated in the study were white. This fact is important to point out. To keep one’s health and fitness in check, however, it seems that a program of between 150 and 600 minutes of exercise each week is a goal that should be pursued.