Today, March 16th, as we celebrate the World Sleep Day, a group of specialists decided to explain which are the most common sleep disorders and their treatments.
At present, more than 45% of the world’s population suffer from sleep disorders, which, sustained over time and without proper treatment, can seriously affect health and quality of life.
“Sleep disorders have in common, for various reasons, the lack of a restful sleep and the excessive daytime sleepiness, as a consequence,” explains Dr. Carlos Maria Franceschini.
The Most Common Sleep Disorders And Their Treatments
“There are more than 100 sleep disorders,” says Franceschini, who identifies insomnia as “among the most frequent” and explains that it is characterized by the difficulty to initiate and/or maintain sleep.
People prone to insomnia must avoid watching TV, working on their computer, or eating and drinking right before bedtime.
Specialists also recommend people to avoid doing physical exercises before bedtime in order to let the organism to naturally secrete sleep-inducing hormone, the melatonin.
Respiratory disorders during sleep
These disorders include snoring and apnea, the latter being characterized by long breathing pauses due to the closure of the pharyngeal wall. The apnea disorder is also known as the sleep apnea syndrome and is a serious problem because it leads to insufficient oxygenation of the brain and cardiovascular illnesses.
Parasomnias sleep disorders
They are physical events, usually motor phenomena that appear at a time when they should not appear. These are benign, very frequent disorders that commonly appear at the ages of between 3 to 6.
Parasomnia disorders do not need medication as they pass by themselves but could cause a lot of concerns among the parents.
The parasomnias sleep disorders group include the somnambulism, ‘chronic’ nightmares, somniloquy, bruxism (teeth grinding), and enuresis (wetting the bed after the age of 5).
The treatment, however, will depend on the causes that generate the parasomnias, according to the experts.
In conclusion, for a restful sleep, we should avoid stimulants right before bedtime. These being said, have a happy World Sleep Day and sleep tight tonight!