The first two fatal instances of the Marburg virus sickness, which is related to the Ebola virus and causes an equally devastating illness, have been verified in Ghana. Both patients passed away in late June at the same hospital, and a Senegalese laboratory confirmed the first positive results on July 1.
This potentially fatal virus has no authorized vaccination or treatment and is very infectious. What follows is information essential for understanding the manifestations, transmission, and treatment of Marburg virus illness.
What is this mysterious Marburg virus?
Marburg virus disease, or MVD, is a devastating illness that often results in death. According to the World Health Organization, this virus may cause a life-threatening viral hemorrhagic fever.
A simultaneous epidemic in Marburg and Frankfurt, Germany, and Belgrade, Serbia, in 1967 led to its discovery.
The African country of Ghana has been pinpointed as the epicenter of the epidemic. T A 26-year-old and a 51-year-old male have died there thus far.
Is a vaccination available for the Marburg virus?
No. WHO says that neither a vaccine nor an authorized therapy exists for Marburg. Nevertheless, monoclonal antibodies are in development, and an Ebola vaccination may provide protection against Marburg Virus.
Where does the Marburg virus come from?
Marburg virus is conveyed from person to person through close contact, after being transmitted to people via fruit bats. Humans may get the virus from infected fruit bats or from other individuals who have it if they go into the caves where the bats reside or if they come into touch with contaminated body fluids.
WHO estimates that mortality rates are around 50% on average. The mortality rate varies from roughly 25% to 90% depending on the virus type, the severity of the epidemic, and the effectiveness of public health efforts.
Between two and twenty-one days after infection, symptoms may occur. Examples of these are:
- Extremely high body temperature
- Extreme headaches
- Sore musclesDiarrhea
- Discomfort or cramping in the abdomen
Can Marburg virus infection be treated?
Unfortunately, the Marburg virus is now incurable. It is possible to increase the likelihood of survival by providing early supportive care and symptom therapy.
How can someone infected with Marburg virus get better?
Fluids, both orally or intravenously administered, are used to treat the Marburg virus. Specific symptoms can be addressed, but there are yet no cures for the virus itself.
The Marburg virus is carried by what kind of animal?
The Marburg virus is carried by fruit bats, notably the Egyptian fruit bat, Rousettus aegyptiacus. Those regions where you may find these bats include southern Africa, the Middle East, and the Indian subcontinent.
How can you keep from getting the Marburg virus?
The World Health Organization (WHO) stresses the need of community involvement in the fight against the Marburg virus. Safe burials, proper laboratory testing, and identification of potential risk factors are all part of this process.
- Gloves and other forms of cave protection apparel reduce the likelihood of bat-human transmission.
- Completely cooking animal products in times of an epidemic
- Human-to-human transmission may be reduced by measures including regular hand-washing and the use of protective equipment while dealing with the ill.
- Care for confirmed cases and their contacts is carried out efficiently.
- Safer sexual behavior, particularly among MVD survivors.
When did Marburg begin to spread?
A link was made between laboratory experiments with Ugandan green monkeys and the original 1967 epidemic in Europe.
Is it worse than Ebola?
The Marburg and Ebola viruses are both members of the same family, the Filoviridae. They are caused by distinct diseases, yet both are very dangerous and uncommon.
About 50% mortality rates are typical for both. Comparable to the Marburg virus, the fatality rate from Ebola may vary from roughly 25% to 90%.