Babesiosis is a parasitic disease that affects humans and animals, primarily caused by Babesia microti, Babesia divergens, and Babesia duncani. It is transmitted to humans through tick bites, specifically the Ixodes scapularis tick, also known as the blacklegged tick or deer tick.
Babesiosis, a tickborne disease, has been increasing in prevalence in the United States, with reported cases growing by 25% from 2011 to 2019. As CNN reveals, a recent report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has added three more American states to the list of seven northeastern states where the disease is most consistently present. Thus, the newly added states are Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont – where case rates have grown the fastest and now match or exceed other states.
How can you cure babesiosis?
The treatment for babesiosis typically involves a combination of antiparasitic medication and supportive care.
The specific medications used to treat babesiosis may depend on the severity of the infection and other factors such as age, medical history, and overall health. In general, doctors may prescribe a combination of two drugs, such as atovaquone and azithromycin, or clindamycin and quinine.
Supportive care may involve measures to help manage symptoms and prevent complications. For example, doctors may recommend rest, hydration, and pain relief medications to help alleviate fever and other symptoms. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary to provide intravenous fluids and other treatments.
Symptoms of babesiosis can range from mild to severe, and can include fever, chills, fatigue, sweating, muscle pain, and headaches. Some people may not experience any symptoms at all, while others may develop severe symptoms that require hospitalization.
Babesiosis is usually most common in certain parts of the United States, such as the Northeast and upper Midwest, as well as parts of Europe and Asia. The disease is more common in the warmer months when people are more likely to spend time outdoors, making them more susceptible to tick bites.