These are the most important blood tests that could detect liver disease or liver injuries, and the recommended normal levels of each one of them.
- Bilirubin – It can be a sign of liver disease because it shows the damage to red blood cells. Although it is used to detect liver problems, this test can also show that red blood cells are being destructed in any other organ.
- Hypoalbuminemia – This protein is produced by the liver and if a person suffers from liver failure, the albumin level will probably be very low (it should be between 3.5 and 5 g).
- Thrombocytopenia – Also known as Platelet count, should be between 150000 and 400000. It can also show other diseases but is commonly used to detect liver failure.
- LDH – The normal range is between 122 and 222 U/L.
- ALP – ALP level should be between 45 and 112U/L. If the alkaline phosphatase level is high, then it means that more advanced tests for liver disease should be done.
- Coagulation – This blood coagulation test shows possible injuries to the liver. It should be between 9.5 and 13.8s.
- Glucose level – The liver also releases glucose, so a low level can show problems in liver functions. That’s why many diabetics with intolerance to glucose also suffer from cirrhosis.
- Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase – GGT level should be between 9 and 48U/L. If it is higher than the normal range then the patient probably suffers from liver failure.