The test called complete blood count with differential (CBC) is a collection of blood tests that are used in order to identify infections, leukemia, anemia and other various blood disorders. This text is targeted at acquiring in-depth health data using a blood sample.
Lots of information can be acquired via CBC such the count of red blood cells that carry oxygen, white blood cells that help fight infection, the variation in size of the red blood cells, the percentage of red blood cells, the haemoglobin value from the red blood cells and the platelet or thrombocyte count, among others. Thrombocytes are the smallest blood cells, and they’re essential in the process of blood clotting.
If there’s an increased amount of white blood cells in the organism, this shows the development of an infectious response and inflammation. If there are few red blood cells, this may indicate an anemic condition, while a high number of red cells may show some blood flow difficulties.
Overall, CBC is essential in lots of ways and we’ll discuss the most important five of them.
- The overall health status of the patient
The complete blood counts, CBC, are able to monitor the health status of an individual as part of their regular check-up, for instance. You don’t have to suffer from a particular medical condition in order to get the test done. The procedure can help you become aware of your blood vitality, count levels and it can also suggest the need to seek further medical attention.
- Screening for health conditions
The CBC test is extremely useful in ruling out various health conditions. In platelets or thrombocytes, for instance, the test will have the ability to show the number of thrombocytes in the blood. Usually, our blood has a thrombocyte count that ranges from 150,000 to 450,000 per liter of blood. Any amount that is lower than 150,000 or higher than 450,000 indicates a blood disorder that requires further medical attention.
- Blood transfusions
CBC with differential/platelet can also be used to gather information that is essential in case of patients who are in need of a blood transfusion. The transfusion is planned based on the results coming from the CBC test.
- Monitoring the effects of drugs on the blood
There are a few drugs such as antibiotics, ibuprofen and aspirin, H2-blocking agents, thiazide diuretics, quinidine, and more that are associated with a reduced number of thrombocytes in the blood. Decreasing levels of thrombocytes can show the presence of these drugs in the blood, and the patient will be advised to use the available alternatives in order to mitigate the effects of the reduced thrombocyte count.
- Thrombocyte production
Mean platelet production aka MPV is a number that measures the average size of thrombocytes in the blood as part of the CBC test. The average blood thrombocytes size is usually higher when our bodies produce more thrombocytes. This means that the MPV results can be used in order to make inferences on the production of thrombocyte in the bone marrow and the destruction of thrombocytes. When the MPV is high, this usually shows that the platelets are destroyed; therefore there is a medical condition developing in the organism such as the inflammatory bowel disease, ITP, pre-eclampsia and more.
These are just a few things that can be indicated via CBC with differential/platelet, and other include more relevant information such as the white blood cell count and type, the red blood cell count and more.