A new study focused on the muscle complication that can be caused by type 1 diabetes. The researchers discovered that this disease could have negative muscle effects even for young people. The research was realised by a team from York and McMaster universities.
The scientists used the muscle biopsies from young people that have type 1 diabetes. They only used the data for the peoples who exceeded the physical activity levels that are recommended by Diabetes Canada.
What did the study discover?
The results of the study revealed that there are some functional and structural changes in the power generation parts of the cell, the mitochondria of the persons who suffer from diabetes. According to the research, the mitochondria of those with diabetes was less capable to produce energy for the muscle.
Researchers also discovered that in these cases the mitochondria use to release toxic reactive oxygen species in high amounts, which can lead to the damage of the cell. This meant that type 1 diabetes can make it harder when it comes to regulating the levels of blood sugar.
This could lead to more serious consequences. The muscle changes occur even for the persons who are more active. These changes affect the body’s ability to manage the blood sugar levels, which can be dangerous if it this remains untreated. In such cases it can lead to disability.
Aerobic exercise can help with this problem, as those types of exercises can increase the amount of mitochondria in the muscle. This has positive effects as it helps the muscle use more glucose. Nonetheless, scientists discovered that even persons with Type 1 diabetes who are active has certain complication because of their disease. The study was published in the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes