Diabetes and Eye Problems: How Diabetes Affects Your Eyes?

Diabetes and Eye Problems: How Diabetes Affects Your Eyes?

According to the International Diabetes Federation, around 537 million adults worldwide had Diabetes in 2021. It is further estimated that the number will reach 643 million by 2030 and 783 million by 2045.

Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way your body produces, stores, and uses glucose. When you have diabetes, you have a high blood sugar level because your body cannot use it properly.

This can cause serious health problems, including heart disease and kidney failure. But did you know that diabetes is also a major risk factor for eye disease development? In this article, we’ll explore what diabetes can do to our eyesight and provide some tips to protect our sight.

Diabetes Affects the Eyes in a Number of Ways

Diabetes can affect the eyes in a number of ways, and some of these problems lead to vision loss. The problem is that many people don’t realize that eye disease is a serious complication of diabetes because they don’t have any symptoms until it’s too late. Diabetes affects millions of people every year, but only about half know they have it.

According to the National Eye Institute, diabetes can cause eye problems like Diabetic Retinopathy, Diabetic Macular Edema, and Neovascular glaucoma. The institute also predicts that over time, 1 in 15 diabetic patients will develop Diabetic Macular Edema. It is an eye problem characterized by the leakage of fluid into the macula.

Many people with diabetes do not realize there are things they can do to prevent diabetic eye disease. For example, if you have diabetes and develop blurred vision or other visual changes suddenly, talk with your doctor immediately so they can test your eyes for signs of retinopathy.

Common Eye Problems Related to Diabetes

There are other eye problems related to diabetes as well. Glaucoma is a condition that can cause damage to the optic nerve, which transfers information from the eye to the brain. Diabetic retinopathy affects the retina, which may cause blindness if not treated in time.

Diabetes itself can also make you more prone to infection, especially if it’s poorly managed or undiagnosed. If you’re at risk for any of these conditions and don’t take proper care of yourself, your eyesight could suffer greatly. So it’s crucial that you take steps toward managing your blood sugar levels as soon as possible.

There Are Ways to Prevent Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetes affects millions of people every year. And many of them do not realize there are things they can do to prevent diabetic eye disease. Diabetes is a serious condition that must be managed carefully to avoid health complications.

Fortunately, with proper care and eye exams, you can manage your diabetes and reduce your chances of developing diabetic eye disease. Let’s take a closer look at how diabetes affects eyesight and what you can do to keep your eyes healthy.

Diabetes has many symptoms that affect different body parts in different ways. In some cases, these symptoms are subtle enough not to be noticed until they cause serious damage.

This is true for the early stages of Diabetic Retinopathy, in which the blood vessels located at the back of the retina get damaged. If you keep it untreated, Diabetic Retinopathy can cause blindness due to loss of blood supply from blocked arteries.

Diabetic Patients Should Have Regular Eye Checkups

If you are diabetic, it’s important to keep your eyes healthy. If you don’t have regular eye exams, it could lead to vision loss or other serious eye problems. Diabetes also increases your probability of developing cataracts and glaucoma, two conditions that are both treatable if caught early enough.

To make sure you don’t miss any signs of these issues, it’s important to have a dilated eye exam as well as a comprehensive exam with your optometrist or ophthalmologist on an annual basis. If you notice any changes in your vision, be sure to see an eye doctor right away, even if it’s not diabetes-related.

Your doctor can check for signs that diabetes may be causing damage in the body and recommend prescriptive eyeglasses or eye drops based on the condition of your eyes. In some instances, rather than prescribing an eyeglass, the doctor may simply ask you to eat healthier food and exercise regularly.


Diabetic Patients Should Take Care of Their Blood Sugar Level

The best way to prevent diabetic eye disease is by working with your doctor to control your blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol levels. The same healthy lifestyle habits that help protect against heart disease also help prevent the risks of diabetic retinopathy. Eat healthy foods, exercise regularly, maintain a healthy weight, and get regular checkups with a doctor or eye care specialist.

A healthy diet can help you reduce the risk of diabetic eye disease. The American Diabetes Association recommends that diabetic patients eat a variety of nutritious foods, including whole grains, fruits and vegetables, low-fat dairy products, and lean sources of protein.

If you are overweight or obese, losing weight can help lower your risk for diabetic eye disease by lowering blood sugar levels and improving insulin sensitivity. For example, regular aerobic exercise, such as brisk walking, has been shown to improve blood flow in the retina. This may help preserve good vision in diabetic patients with retinopathy.

The American Diabetes Association recommends that diabetic people get a minimum of 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week and strength training exercises two days a week. If you are overweight or obese, a weight loss program may also help lower your risk for diabetic eye disease by improving insulin sensitivity and lowering blood sugar levels.


In the end, it’s important to remember that diabetes is a serious disease that can cause a variety of eye problems. But with the right care, you can prevent these issues from developing into something worse. The best way to keep your eyes healthy is by having regular checkups with an eye care specialist who knows about diabetes and its effects on your vision.

Asheley Rice

I am a pop culture and social media expert. Aside from writing about the latest news health, I also enjoy pop culture and Yoga. I have BA in American Cultural Studies and currently enrolled in a Mass-Media MA program. I like to spend my spring breaks volunteering overseas.

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