According to the World Health Organization, the optimal blood pressure is 12.8 cm-Hg. If the blood pressure drops below 9/6 cmHg is considered hypotension and if it gets higher than 14/9 is considered hypertension. There are no differences between men and women in terms of normal blood pressure.
Symptoms of hypotension
The most common signs of hypotension are dizziness, baldness, sweating or fainting. Normally, athletes, non-smokers, weaker women have lower blood pressure. Those who have hypotension have a lower risk of heart disease, but they can suffer traumas if they’re fainting.
As a rule, low blood pressure, especially for a young and healthy person, is not a cause for panic, but the cause needs to be clarified. As a rule, tension decreases in the event of dehydration, heart disease, severe illness (anaphylactic shock, septicemia, pancreatitis) on the nervous system.
- drink 2-3 liters of fluid per day
- eat foods with higher salt content
- avoid alcohol and fatty foods
- don’t drink too much coffee
- eat 4-5 servings of vegetables and fruits.
Symptoms of hypertension
Hypertension is more prevalent than hypotension. The main symptoms are headaches, dizziness, ringing in the ears, chest pain, nasal bleeding. Complications include atherosclerosis (blockage of blood vessels), ischemic heart disease, renal failure and heart attacks. A very high risk of stroke present the obese, sedentary, smoking, alcoholic, high cholesterol hypertensive patients and those with a family history of hypertension or heart disease.
- avoid heat (also for hypotension) and physical effort
- avoid kitchen salt (attention to sausages and canned foods) and replace it with medicinal salt
- avoid alcohol, coffee and smoking
- regularly go to your doctor to check the tension
- avoid stress