People with atopic dermatitis (commonly called eczema) are 44 percent more likely to have suicidal behavior and are 36 percent more likely to commit suicide. That is the conclusion of a meta-analysis of 15 observational studies of suicidal tendencies published between 1940 and 2018, and issues recently in the journal JAMA Dermatology.
These studies add up to a total of 4.7 million participants, of which 310,000 suffered from atopic dermatitis, which, distributed by gender, there was 52.7 percent, women, while the rest served as a control group formed of 50.9 percent women.
Anxiety disorder and depression linked to atopic dermatitis
While the differences between the two groups were significant regarding suicide thoughts and attempts, the recent meta-analysis’ authors stated that, in relation to the suicides carried out, the results are inconsistent.
Atopic dermatitis is a disease associated with numerous psychiatric comorbidities. Being a visible pathology, many patients experience embarrassment and stigmatization, leading to anxiety disorders and depression.
Also, children with eczema have worse grades than others. As adults, people with atopic dermatitis have fewer job opportunities. However, the association between this disease and suicidal behavior has not yet been measured.
Atopic dermatitis linked to increased rates of suicidal behavior
Statistics show that between 15% and 30% of children and between 2% and 10% of adults experience atopic dermatitis, a chronic inflammatory disease that first manifests itself through itching, which then saturates and then forms blisters.
Essential in reducing eruptions is the regular use of emollient creams and avoidance of the contact with allergens. It is also well known that astringent soaps and topical or oral antibiotics affect the pH of the skin and can encourage colonization by pathogenic microorganisms.
The new study issued in the journal JAMA Dermatology suggests that health professionals offering dermatological care should pay more attention to the possible psychological consequences of the atopic dermatitis condition and, if necessary, refer the patient to mental health professionals.