The Rise of Myopia in Children: How Can It Be Controlled

The Rise of Myopia in Children: How Can It Be Controlled

Recent research conducted by the National Center for Biotechnology Information has shown that up to 42% of children tested out of 69,789 had some form of myopia or nearsightedness.

Myopia is a condition in which the eyeball is too long compared to its width, resulting in light rays focusing in front of the retina rather than directly on it. It often begins early in life, and there have been numerous studies into the rise of myopia in children. This article will examine those studies and discuss how they can be controlled.

What is Myopia?

You’re likely familiar with the term ‘myopia,’ and if you haven’t already been diagnosed with the condition, chances are you know someone who has.

The term myopia refers to a vision condition where the eyeball is too long, causing light to focus in front of the retina. Myopia is what we commonly refer to as “nearsightedness” when you see objects up close clearly, but distant objects appear blurry. In contrast, hyperopia, or farsightedness, is when your eyeball is too short, so distant images focus behind your retina rather than on it.

This can be corrected with eyeglasses or contact lenses, and it affects about one in four Americans. Myopia usually develops during childhood or adolescence and may progress during adulthood.

Near-Work Is One of the Many Causes of Myopia

Near-work is a term used to describe activities that involve focusing on objects that are close to the eyes, such as reading, writing, and using a computer. It is one of many factors that can contribute to myopia development. The term nearsightedness is often confused with near-work because they seem very similar in meaning. However, nearsightedness refers specifically to the eye condition where you see distant objects clearly but have trouble seeing up-close ones.

The development of myopia is complex and is not fully understood. However, it is believed that the following are some of the factors that can contribute to nearsightedness:

  • Genetics
  • Age
  • Race and ethnicity

Spending Time Outdoors Has Positive Effects on Eyesight

You’ll also want to make sure your child spends more time outdoors. This will help ensure that they don’t become nearsighted as they age. In fact, researchers have found that children who spend more time outside are less likely to develop myopia than those who spend little time outside and much time indoors studying, watching TV, or playing video games.

The reason for this is likely that children who spend more time outside are exposed to more natural light, which helps their eyes develop properly. If you live in an area where the weather is not very sunny and bright, consider taking your child outside for at least one hour each day.

Light Transmission to the Eye Depends on Your Environment

In the human eye, light is focused on the retina by lenses that are clear and flexible. These lenses are shaped like spheres, but they’re held in place by tiny muscles called ciliary muscles.

The light transmission through the lens to the back of your eye, where it’s translated into electric signals for your brain to process, depends on several factors:

  • Your genetics: some people have more translucent corneas than others and may be more prone to myopia
  • Environmental exposure: you can’t control how much time you spend outside, but if you don’t get enough sunlight or if there’s not enough light when you’re indoors, this can lead to squinting or “scrunched” eyes that then strain and stretch out your cornea over time.

The shape of your cornea is also counted among one of those factors. Your eyes can’t focus on distant objects if the curvature of your cornea isn’t correct. This is why sometimes a visit to the eye care specialist leaves you with a prescription for corrective eyeglasses or contacts to see properly.

In that case, it is important that you get your child’s eyes tested and get their glasses from a trusted eyeglass store. Ignoring the doctor’s advice could cost your child their eyesight in the long run. It is always a good idea to listen to the doctor’s advice because their recommendations are based on the knowledge and expertise they have in their field.

Excess Screen Time Causes Myopia

There are many ways to control myopia in children. One of the most important things is to make sure your child takes breaks from studying.

The Singapore National Eye Centre predicts that eight out of 10 children will be wearing glasses by Primary 6. Further, the center claims that by 2050, 80 to 90 percent of all Singaporean adults will be myopic.

The main reason behind this alarming trend is over-exposure to electronic devices such as computers or smartphones, which can cause eye strain and headaches when you look at them for long periods of time without taking a break from them.

The good thing about these technologies is that they can help you track your child’s progress during his/her studies so that you can give them adequate encouragement when needed. However, it’s still best not to spend too much time on them as they may affect their concentration levels negatively instead.

The best way to prevent myopia is to spend as much time in the sun as you can. You should encourage your child or student to play outdoors whenever possible, and you should make sure that they do so in open areas rather than indoors.

If your child is reluctant to go outside without a parent or teacher, then it might be worth considering inviting them to an outdoor activity with other children from school. This could be anything from going swimming at a local swimming pool, playing football in a park, or attending an outdoor music festival.


In conclusion, the rise of myopia in children is a serious health concern for our future generation. It affects millions worldwide and may cause blindness in some cases. The good news is that we can prevent it from happening by getting regular eye checkups, wearing proper eyeglasses or contact lenses, and eating leafy greens like spinach which contain lutein.

Katherine Baldwin

Katherine is just getting her start as a journalist. She attended a technical school while still in high school where she learned a variety of skills, from photography to nutrition. Her enthusiasm for both natural and human sciences is real so she particularly enjoys covering topics on medicine and the environment.

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