Scientific Breakthrough: New Kind Of Brain Cell Is Discovered

Scientific Breakthrough: New Kind Of Brain Cell Is Discovered

It has been discovered a new type of brain cell. Check out the latest reports about what it does and how it affects us.

New type of brain cell is discovered

Swiss researchers have made a new discovery that could potentially lead to new treatments for various brain disorders. They have found a third type of brain cell that appears to be a hybrid of the two primary cells – neurons and glial cells. Neurons use electrical and chemical signals to communicate with each other through synapses, while glial cells exist to support and protect neurons in the brain. Astrocytes, a type of glial cell, are found close to synapses, which led researchers to believe that they may play an active role in neurotransmission, but this theory has yet to be proven.

Scientists from the Wyss Center for Bio and Neuroengineering and the University of Lausanne have revealed that specific astrocytes are involved in neurotransmission, making them a unique combination of neurons and glial cells. These “glutamatergic astrocytes” could hold promise in treating neurological diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s, as per the research. Co-director of the study, Andrea Volterra, praised the discovery for presenting significant research prospects. The study centered on investigating whether astrocytes can release glutamate, the primary neurotransmitter utilized by neurons.

What’s in store for the future?

The researchers also found evidence during their study that the cell might play a role in brain circuits linked to seizures and voluntary movements, meaning it’s also a new lead in the hunt for better epilepsy and Parkinson’s treatments.

“Our next studies will explore the potential protective role of this type of cell against memory impairment in Alzheimer’s disease, as well as its role in other regions and pathologies than those explored here,” said Volterra.

Stay tuned for more news and make sure to remain safe.

Rada Mateescu

Passionate about freedom, truth, humanity, and subjects from the science and health-related areas, Rada has been blogging for about ten years, and at Health Thoroughfare, she's covering the latest news on these niches.

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