A new study conducted by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health discovered that eating dinner with at least two hours before bedtime is linked to lower cancer risks. The research was carried out on 621 males with prostate cancer and 1,205 females with breast cancer, plus more than 2,000 healthy males and females as a control group. Researchers tried to see if there is any link between meals timing and prostate or breast cancer.
Eating dinner with two hours before bedtime linked to lower cancer risks
The participants in this study had to complete questionnaires regarding their dietary habits, sleep patterns, and chronotype, which is the natural preference of people for either morning activity or evening activity.
The study’s results revealed that people who eat dinner with at least two hours before bedtime present lower risks of prostate and breast cancer by 20%, in comparison with those participants who slept immediately after eating their evening meal.
Eating dinner before 9 PM is also beneficial against prostate and breast cancer development
The research also revealed the importance of eating dinner earlier. Accordingly, having your evening meal after 10 PM is increasing the risks of prostate and breast cancer. Thus, the Spanish researchers recommend having dinner before 9 PM to reduce chances of developing cancer.
“Our study concludes that adherence to diurnal eating patterns is associated with a lower risk of cancer. The findings highlight the importance of assessing circadian rhythms in studies on diet and cancer,” explained Manolis Kogevinas, the study’s leading author.
However, as the co-author of the study, Dora Romaguera pointed out, “further research in humans is needed in order to understand the reasons behind these findings, but everything seems to indicate that the timing of sleep affects our capacity to metabolize food.”
In short, eating dinner with at least two hours before bedtime is linked to lower cancer risks, and this result might “have implications for cancer prevention recommendations, which currently do not take meal timing into account,” said Dr. Kogevinas.