There are many diets out there that promise a fast track to weight loss. But two of the most popular are the ketogenic diet and the Mediterranean diet. Both have been used for centuries and have plenty of anecdotal evidence to back up their claims.
At first glance, they may seem similar, but they’re actually quite different. Let’s take a closer look at what sets them apart.
The Mediterranean Diet: A Brief Overview
The Mediterranean diet is named after the region in which it was born. It consists of fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans and legumes, nuts, seeds, fish and seafood, and wine in moderation. The diet emphasizes fresh ingredients and local flavors.
The focus is on healthy fats (like olive oil), proteins (like fish), and natural carbohydrates (like whole grains). The diet also limits red meat, dairy products, sweets, and processed foods.
What is a keto diet?
The ketogenic diet — also referred to as keto — is a low-carb, moderate-protein and high-fat eating plan that was originally used therapeutically in cases of intractable epilepsy. Today it’s commonly used for weight loss and overall health promotion.
Ketosis occurs when fat breaks down into fatty acids and glycerol. Because your body has limited stores of glucose, which is derived from carbohydrates, fats are broken down into fatty acids
The differences between keto and Mediterranean diets
The biggest difference between these two diets is that the ketogenic diet cuts out all carbs (except those found in green veggies). This means that processed carbs—white bread, white rice, pasta—are out. And fruits? They’re only allowed in small amounts because they have so much sugar. The Mediterranean diet doesn’t cut out any major food groups or macronutrients. It does emphasize fruits and vegetables over sweets and white foods.
It’s also important to note that both diets can be customized to meet your personal needs and goals. For example, if you’re looking for a more balanced approach to eating or if you prefer whole grains to pasta or bread, then you can make some changes to fit your preferences within either diet!