Acne is a pathology characterized by the appearance of skin lesions as a consequence of folliculitis, inflammation, and subcutaneous infection of the follicular pore. They appear in the form of normal pimples, black pimples, and red pimples but they also resemble cysts. It is usually more common in teenagers (80%), although it can also affect women due to hormonal fluctuations. The next simple-to-follow tips and treatments for acne can be helpful for you.
Do not squeeze the pimples
By squeezing them, you will risk remaining with permanent marks of pigmentation or scars. Acne is the result of dead skin cells, bacteria, and sebum that clog the hair follicles of the skin.
Some adults also experience cystic acne, which are inflamed lesions that form under the skin’s tissues due to an infection.
Use sensitive products
If you are prone to acne, using too much makeup and cosmetic products will block your pores and make things worse. Try using products that are described as water-based and without oils.
If you have severe facial acne, avoid washing your face with soap more than twice a day because it will dry your skin, stimulating it to produce more sebum. Otherwise, you will cause more harm and you’ll might need more powerful treatments for acne.
Acne and contraceptive pills
It is believed that the main cause of acne is the fluctuations of hormones, which exposes more the adult women who take contraceptive pills. Ask your doctor to prescribe you one of the contraceptive pills brands that are not such devastating to your body’s hormonal balance.
Antibiotics against severe bacterial acne
For severe bacterial acne, the doctor can also prescribe a short-term treatment with oral antibiotics, such as tetracycline, to remove excess bacteria in the skin and reduce inflammation.
If your acne is directly related to changes in hormones instead of infections, your doctor could prescribe you a medication such as spironolactone.
This helps block the hormones that trigger the sebaceous glands. But while spironolactone is one of the most reliable hormonal treatments for acne, it might be advisable to consider other treatment if you’re a woman and plan to get pregnant or you’re already pregnant because it is not yet clear if spironolactone is safe to use during pregnancy.